The problem with using videos in a hybrid classroom environment to teach basic skills to the 21st century learner is that videos are neither a new technology nor do these lectures align themselves to any student learning styles or any desired educational learning outcome. This paper will examine how videos fail to align with any of the following seven learning styles: visual, aural, verbal, physical, logical, social, and solitary. In addition, they are in direct opposition to the goal of creating an active learning classroom. To meet the challenges of the 21st century, we need to foster in our students the learning skills of creativity and innovation, critical thinking and problem solving, and group communication and collaboration (Blair 2012, 8-13). To do this, we cannot go back to failed historical learning systems; old technologies repackaged as innovative technologies. According to the website (www.p21.org) for Partnership for 21st Century Skills, we need to discover new ways for students to learn to use technology "as a tool to research, organize, evaluate and communicate information." There is a strong need for interaction between student and teacher and peer-to-peer communication and collaboration for e-Learning to be effective. It is imperative for educators to look for new learning technologies that are more than a relabeling of old methods to meet the challenges of this century.
In today’s increasingly technology-dependent world, mobile applications are becoming more pervasive, impacting educational practices across learning contexts, and subsequently changing the landscape of education. This paper focuses on the pedagogical foundations informing the design of a mobile application (app) crossword puzzle developed for teaching vocabulary to students of a second language. The crossword puzzle app is inherently game-based, making the learning process more appealing to students as an aid in the effective acquisition of vocabulary. It offers a degree of challenge, motivating students to try to solve the puzzle, but also aims to make vocabulary acquisition more exciting and rewarding. It provides an opportunity for students to practice and repeat the sentence patterns and vocabulary, which in turn, assists in the improvement of students’ performance in language acquisition. From a pedagogical perspective, evaluating choices, making inferences, and drawing conclusions are key skills essential for completing crossword puzzles. As a mobile application for smart phones and tablets, the advantages of crossword puzzles are ubiquitous and can be within an arm’s length of most students, and running on a device and in an environment for which most students greatly value.