With the growth of institutions providing online learning environments, administrators and educators need strategies to support students with disabilities. The purpose of this literature review is to identify optimal accessibility standards for meeting the needs of online students with disabilities. This article will share some helpful practices that could be used to create greater access for students. Some of the practices identified include universal design elements in the online environment to increase access for all students, accommodations for individual students, and authentic assessment. Future research should be conducted to evaluate these strategies and track the longitudinal academic gains of students with disabilities who receive them.
A frequent concern among any group of teachers is how to enhance learning by increasing student engagement, particularly in the secondary classroom. Although some argue that technology is interfering with student engagement, particularly in schools with a one-to-one device ratio and a “bring your own device” policy, the same technology that may offer individual distraction can be harnessed to address the issue of student engagement. Deliberate use of open-ended weekly reflections using Google Forms offers students an opportunity to interact with the curriculum and take ownership of their own learning. Questions such as, “What have you learned this week?” and “What haven’t you learned or are still confused by this week?” provide a virtual exit ticket, while questions such as, “Is there anything you want me to know?” offer students the opportunity to speak openly about group work, social concerns, and topics of interest to them, and the data collected offer teachers valuable insight for shaping pedagogy and deepening relationships with students. This paper will explore action research into this strategy conducted over two semesters with secondary students in a freshman English course at a Project-Based-Learning high school.
Active learning and cocreation of knowledge have been extensively researched in the face-to-face environment; however, few studies have investigated the impact of active learning, cocreation of knowledge, and instructor presence on students’ perceptions of learning experiences in the virtual environment. The purpose of this study is to extend literature on the Active Learning for Knowledge Construction theoretical model. This study identifies and analyzes undergraduate students’ experiences that inform their perceptions of equivalent experiences in the virtual environment as compared to the face-to-face environment. This research study encompasses two sections of a course, one delivered face-to-face and one delivered virtually. Therefore, a cross-case study methodology was used to understand and compare students’ experiences between course sections. This study found that video instruction and use of mobile devices created equivalent learning experiences. However, exploration through technology and mobile devices was valued differently by students between modalities. Further, face-to-face students most valued student-to-student and student-to-instructor interactions, while virtual students most valued student-to-content and student-to-instructor interactions. Finally, suggestions to improve virtual course designs implementing active learning and recommendations for future research are provided.